A logical fallacy is “a mistake in reasoning that renders an argument invalid, unsound, weak, or ineffective.”1 In philosophy courses, students are often taught a whole list of fallacies and how to avoid them. However, fallacies are extremely common in pop-culture—news media, commercials, TV shows, movies, and political debates. Below are some common examples. Ad Hominem – Time Warner Cable The Ad hominem is “a fallacy in which an argument attacks a person… Read More →Logical Fallacies
This recent post by blogger Natasha Crain highlights some crucial points about the role that objective evidence should play in our understanding of reality. Natasha walks us through the way she processed the terrifying idea that she might have cancer. Through this experience, she saw some of the limits of trying to look at reality objectively all the time. Many times, especially in moments of hardship, even the most intellectual people are not interested in… Read More →Evidence: Experience Over Facts?
Summit aims to train Christians to champion a biblical worldview. Obviously this means that “worldview” is an important part of what we do. Recently, worldview education has come under some criticism. In a recent article on The American Conservative website, senior editor Rod Dreher raised a question about “The Problem of Worldview Education” sparked by Dreher’s attendance of Society for Classical Learning conference. Read the article here to understand some of the points made by… Read More →Why Worldview? Responding to a Critique on Worldview by Columnist Rod Dreher
In this lecture from Summit’s archive, Dr. Frank Beckwith uses philosophy to unpack the nature and existence of God.
Dr. Frank Beckwith and Aaron Atwood sit down to talk about why morality and the natural law matter, as well as the freedom that results from morality and Dr. Beckwith’s new book, Taking Rites Seriously: Law, Politics, and the Reasonableness of Faith.
Where does morality come from? Can we explain morality apart from God? Those are two of the questions Dr. Frank Beckwith tackles in this lecture, as he explains the arguments for the moral law and responds to those who claim that morality could result from evolution or arbitrarily exist.
These days, questions like “What does it mean to know a particular thing?” have been supplanted by questions like “What is the practical benefit to knowing a particular thing?” Should practical benefit be the only focus of our thoughts, though? If all material problems were solved and if poverty and disease were well managed, would the pursuit of knowledge still be worthwhile?
What is the meaning of meaning? Dr. Michael Bauman discusses two main concepts: ideas have consequences and bad ideas have bad consequences, and sloppy language makes sloppy thought possible. Bauman teaches students to think critically about beliefs that meaning is either authorial intent or the reader’s interpretation.
In this lecture, Dr. Michael Bauman recounts the story of his journey through life, the influence of the 1960s and the beliefs he held about the world. He tells of how his deceptive beliefs led him only to emptiness and how his soul found no rest but in God.
“Your earlier book says Christians are called to redeem entire cultures, not just individuals,” a schoolteacher commented, joining me for lunch at a conference where I had just spoken. Then he added thoughtfully, “I’d never heard that before.”
The teacher was talking about How Now Shall We Live? and at his words I looked up from my plate in surprise. Was he really saying he’d never even heard the idea of being a redemptive force in every area of culture? He shook his head: “No, I’ve always thought of salvation strictly in terms of individual souls.”
In the following essay, we will briefly discuss the nature of an argument, the law of non-contradiction, and a selection of informal fallacies. We will also present a helpful cache of tough questions, which can be used when engaging various worldviews. Finally, we will look at how to discern the assumptions behind the information presented in the media. This survey is designed to provide you with an introduction to the art of critical thinking.