Research Term: Apologetics
John Stonestreet Responds to the Discussion on Same-Sex Marriage
In this short discussion from February 25, 2013, Summit’s John Stonestreet walks responds to the discussion of the previous night between Glenn Stanton and Jonathan Rauch on the issue of same-sex marriage. Recorded at Summit’s 2013 Adult Conference, Stonestreet handles questions from conference attendees about the discussion they watched the night before. To see the discussion between Stanton and Rauch, click here. To go to Summit’s Vimeo page to view shorter portions of the discussion, click here.
The Problem of Pain
If God is good and all-powerful, why is there pain and suffering in the world? Does God want His people to be filled with joy? Bauman speaks on author C.S. Lewis' beliefs of pain and suffering. He further describes how the goodness, power and love of God is often displayed in the suffering of His people.
Evil and Suffering 1
The number one question that students have for God often leaves them (and us) speechless. John provides clear teaching on a tough question. This is one of the most impacting talks that John gives.
In this issue: 4 Reasons Students Walk Away in College, Falsehoods About Finding Your Calling, Do Muslims and Christians Worship the Same God?, and more.
Journal Spring 2016
The Summit Journal
This month's Summit Journal features ministry updates on Publishing, Student Conference, Summit Semester, and the Alumni Network. President Dr. Jeff Myers shares three stunning developments the ministry has accomplished in 2015. Read today!
June 2015 Journal
This month, the Journal features a talk by Breakpoint co-host and Summit speaker John Stonestreet. He discusses why our culture so desperately needs people of virtue and how we can make a difference. Also in this month's edition, President Jeff Myers unpacks the latest Pew Survey that some have claimed means America is getting "less and less Christian."
May 2015 Journal
In this month’s Journal, we feature a speech given by Summit faculty member Dr. Mike Adams, a criminology professor at University of North Carolina-Wilmington, at Summit’s True Conference held in March of this year. Dr. Adams recounts his legal victory in the federal first amendment lawsuit against UNCW.
The March Journal features an excerpt from Dr. Barry Asmus' lecture at the 2014 Summit Adult Conference discussing the essence of economic freedom. President Dr. Jeff Myers unpacks the four glimmers of hope that make America great, and Alum Greg Bledsoe, Surgeon General of Arkansas, shares how Summit influenced his life.
The Journal | October 2014
Get to know the world's most important book, the Bible, in this month's Journal. Learn what some of America's founders said about the Bible and Christianity, why Christians need to take the Bible seriously, and ten steps to take to best study the Bible. Doc's recent readings include international affairs, climate change, education, homosexuality, and more.
The Journal | June 2014
In the June 2014 Journal, Dr. Jeff Myers outlines several significant initiatives Summit is undertaking this season to continue preparing Godly, courageous leaders in our nation.This month's edition invites you to dive into the Common Core debate by asking, "If Common Core can't improve education, what can?" and to get a fresh look at Summit's Understanding the Times curriculum.
The Journal | May 2014
In the May 2014 Journal read four things that work to fight poverty, Dr. Jeff Myer's article discussing that the love of money — not money itself — is the root of evil, and how a Summit Alumna is working to empower and inspire culture-shapers.
IN THIS ISSUE: Marriage
» Cover Story | Rebuilding Marriage: Where is the Hope?
» pg. 2 | Letter from the President: Is There Any Hope for Marriage?
» pg. 7 | Summit Spotlight: Alum Trevin Wax Steps to the Front of Cultural Conversations
IN THIS ISSUE: The Bible Through History
» Cover Story | What Difference Has the Bible Made?
» pg. 2 | Letter from the President: We All Must Know Scripture
» pg. 7 | Summit Spotlight: Nick Hall Uses Evangelism To Change Culture
IN THIS ISSUE: Cultural Assessment
» Cover Story | How Do We Know What's Really Going On?
» pg. 2 | Letter from the President: Reading Between the Lines
» pg. 7 | Summit Spotlight: The Guths' Unlikely Path to Politics
* Economics, Islam, Marriage, Marxism, and More
IN THIS ISSUE: Islam
» Cover Story | What Do We Make of Radical Islamicism?
» pg. 2 | Letter from the President: Turning the Tide in 2013
» pg. 7 | Summit Spotlight: Yassoub Plans Long Ministry Career in Egypt
* Economics, Bio-Ethics, Ethics, Origins, and More
2012-06 Summit Journal
IN THIS ISSUE: Cultural Engagement
» Cover Story | Cultural Engagement: Not Easy, Not Optional
» pg. 2 | Letter from the President
» pg. 7 | Summit Spotlight: Summit alumna finds herself in a media storm
* Global Warming, Sexual Revolution, Art, Islam
2012-04 Summit Journal
IN THIS ISSUE: Apologetics
» Cover Story | Apologetics Makes a Comeback
» pg. 2 | Letter from the President
» pg. 7 | Summit Spotlight: Caitlin Burke and the Difference Summit Semester Makes
* Economics, Environmentalism, Religious Liberty
2012-03 Summit Journal
IN THIS ISSUE: Worldview and Politics
» Cover Story | Politics, Government, and Worldview
» pg. 2 | Letter from the President
» pg. 7 | Summit Spotlight: Randy Hardman and Apologetics
* Economics, Politics, Marxism
2007-03 Summit Journal
Journal - March 2007
2007-02 Summit Journal
Journal - February 2007
2003-04 Summit Journal
Journal - April 2003
2002-12 Summit Journal
Journal - December 2002
Can We Be Good Without God? (via Boundless)
I've been asked to speak today on the question, "Can we be good without God?" To answer, I'm tempted to tell you my own story. Years ago when I rejected God, I also rejected the distinction between good and evil. Then again, I was an extreme case. Someone who asks "Can we be good without God?" isn't trying to be extreme; he's looking for a halfway house. So instead of telling you my story, I'll try to lay out the logic of the matter...
No God, No Good
At a conference concerning the teaching of moral values in the public schools, a justifiably well-known philosopher from an eastern university asserted that the moral virtues were (1) those values without which we humans do not flourish because they are rooted in human nature, and (2) those values that enjoy a consensus that spans culture, country and century, something like the Tao described at the end of C.S. Lewis's The Abolition of Man. That moral values described or derived in either of these two ways are not truly moral and are not truly absolutes. As the following analysis will demonstrate, one must not contend that human nature and human flourishing yield moral absolutes, properly so-called, because such a theory fails to account for...
Greatness and Wretchedness (via Equip)
In the realm of philosophy, Blaise Pascal (1623–62) is perhaps best remembered for his wager argument. In his Pensées (thoughts), however, Pascal offered several lines of apologetic reasoning, including what has been termed his anthropological argument. This argument makes the case for Christianity by pointing out that any viable worldview must successfully explain the seemingly paradoxical nature of the human condition. The seeming paradox is that human beings exhibit qualities of both greatness and wretchedness. Pascal argues that Christianity offers the best explanation for this condition based on its teachings that human beings are created in the image of God, yet original sin has tainted their nature. Pascal realized that it is...
Apologetics, Truth, and Humility (via Equip)
Recently when I was discussing philosophy with an earnest undergraduate student, she informed me that she rejected the idea that she could know "the truth" because this would condemn everyone who disagreed with her. Since philosophers have traditionally exulted in winning arguments instead of eliminating them, I asked why she shunned victory in favor of terminal agnosticism. She explained, "If I claim to know the truth, then I must also claim that whoever disagrees with me is wrong, and that would make me intolerably arrogant." This student was suffering from a case of dislocated humility. Instead of being rightly humble about her ability always to know truly or infallibly, she was instead humble over the mere possibility of discovering the truth. She identified the very idea of possessing truth with pride. I suggested...
The Ultimate Question of Origins (via Leadership U)
The absolute origin of the universe, of all matter and energy, even of physical space and time themselves, in the Big Bang singularity contradicts the perennial naturalistic assumption that the universe has always existed. One after another, models designed to avert the initial cosmological singularity--the Steady State model, the Oscillating model, Vacuum Fluctuation models -- have come and gone. Current quantum gravity models, such as the Hartle-Hawking model and the Vilenkin model, must appeal to the physically unintelligible and metaphysically dubious device of "imaginary time" to avoid the universe's beginning. The contingency implied by an absolute beginning ex nihilo points to a transcendent cause of the universe beyond space and time. Philosophical objections to a cause of the universe fail to carry conviction.
The Teleological Argument and the Anthropic Principle (via Leadership U)
The discovery during our generation of the so-called anthropic coincidences in the initial conditions of the universe has breathed new life into the teleological argument. Use of the Anthropic Principle to nullify our wonder at these coincidences is logically fallacious unless conjoined with the metaphysical hypothesis of a World Ensemble. There are no reasons to believe that such an Ensemble exists nor that, if it does, it has the properties necessary for the Anthropic Principle to function. Typical objections to the alternative hypothesis of divine design are not probative.
The Resurrection of Theism (via Leadership U)
Back in the mid-1960's Time magazine ran a cover story for which the magazine's cover was completely black, except for three words emblazoned against the dark background in bright, red letters: "IS GOD DEAD?" The article described the then current "Death-of-God" movement in American theology. But, to paraphrase Mark Twain, it seemed that the news of God's death was premature. At the same time that theologians were writing God's obituary, philosophers were re-discovering His vitality. Just a few years after its "Death-of-God" issue, Time carried a story with a similar red on black cover, only this time the title read...
The Existence of God and the Beginning of the Universe (via Leadership U)
The kalam cosmological argument, by showing that the universe began to exist, demonstrates that the world is not a necessary being and, therefore, not self-explanatory with respect to its existence. Two philosophical arguments and two scientific confirmations are presented in support of the beginning of the universe. Since whatever begins to exist has a cause, there must exist a transcendent cause of the universe.
Creation and Big Bang Cosmology (via Leadership U)
Several years ago popular science writer Robert Jastrow ruffled scientific feathers by asserting in his little book "God and the Astronomers" [(1978), pp. 113-116] that many cosmologists have a deep-seated aversion to the possible metaphysical and, indeed, theological implications of classical Big Bang cosmogeny. Recent correspondence to the British science magazine Nature seems to bear out this judgment [Maddox (1989), Lévy-Leblond (1989), Grünbaum (1990)]. J. Maddox eagerly anticipates the downfall of the Big Bang model because in it creationists have "ample justification" for their theistic creed; J.-M. Lévy-Leblond seeks instead to subvert the metaphysical implications of the Big Bang theory by a remetrication of cosmic time so as to push the origin of the universe back to infinity, where "it seems to belong"; A. Grünbaum sees no exigency for such a device, since the conception of a cause of the initial cosmological singularity is self-contradictory and the question of what caused the universe's origin therefore a "pseudo-problem." In reflecting on this dispute...
Six Enemies of Apologetic Engagement (via Leadership U)
The evangelical world today suffers from apologetic anemia. Despite the fact that holy Scripture calls believers to give a reason for the hope we have in Christ (1 Peter 3:15; see also Jude 3), we sadly lack a public voice for truth and reason in the marketplace of ideas. We do not have a strong intellectual presence in popular or academic culture (although some areas, such as philosophy, are more influenced by evangelicals than others). The reasons for this anemia are multidimensional and complex.
The New Atheists
Perhaps it goes without saying that the "new atheists" have arrived. Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris and Christopher Hitchens (among others) have recently published volumes capturing many intellects and imaginations. As international bestsellers, their publishing efforts are likely to produce challenges to our faith for years to come. These authors have superb rhetorical skills and deploy the English language to great effect. Dawkins and Hitchens have particular appeal with their posh British accents and witty idioms. It is not that their polemics are novel, however, nor their arguments especially successful. And they have not gone unanswered. Yet it appears they have not...